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Damascus steel

Man designed molds with which he could obtain after productions of the objects created. Thus was born the art of casting that later improved rapidly down to the knives and swords. Bronze sword was the first in this process to develop later new metal compositions, ideal for more hardness and elasticity. As a result the composition of damascus steel was created.

The earliest historical mention of damascus steel swords could date from the year 540 AD, although it is not known exactly and may be even earlier than that date.

The damascus steel comes from a type of steel produced in India which spread to other parts of the world to get to settle in Damascus. The many swordsmen who lived in the Syrian capital expanded the manufacturing processes of the damascus steel and they got a type of durable and not brittle steel. Thus was born the damascus steel, also called damascene steel.

The swordsmen of Toledo and Damascus have always had a close relationship. Therefore, Toledo masters investigated the composition of damascene steel, its surface streaked with beautiful iridescence and its ability to be strong, without breaking or bending. After the results, they discovered that the basis of the damascus steel quality was just the veining of leaves. In this sense we must also remember that almost miraculous properties have been attributed to the Tagus waters and it has been thought that provide high quality to the swords and knives of Toledo: It is in its sands where it is believed that the key to that quality is.

In this way the best swords in the world were forged and tempered.

Currently, the legendary damascus steel exceeds levels of hard carbon steel with contents greater than 1.4% carbon by mass, reaching 2.1% carbon by mass.

The technique to achieve this high quality steel is the hot forging, at low temperatures, between 650 ° C and 800 ° C, after surface decarburization in a very thin film. This forging crush primary iron carbides and then distributed them by the steel matrix. Thus, a large wear resistance is achieved due to an excellent tenacity. At the same time, a very aesthetic surface can be achieved if the steel is thermally treated, at a high temperature followed by slow cooling. The control of heating and cooling allows showing bands with winding layout and great beauty.

Damascus steel is characterized and differs from its competitors by its high wear resistance, tenacity, beauty
and the magic of its surface.

Today, the art of damascus steel is mainly used in the manufacture of high-end knives, as presented here.

 

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