Man invented moulds in order to make reproductions of the objects he created. Thus, the technique of casting came about and quickly evolved to include knives and swords. This process began with the bronze sword, developing with the appearance of new metal alloys designed to achieve enhanced strength and elasticity. All of this led to the composition of Damascus steel.

According to history, the oldest description of Damascus steel swords could date back to 540 A.D., although there is no precise evidence and it has been said that they may have arisen much earlier.

Damascus steel is based on a type of steel manufactured in India, which then spread across the world until it reached Damascus. The large numbers of swordsmiths working in the capital of Syria expanded the ways of manufacturing Damascus steel, managing to create a durable, unbreakable, type of steel. Thus, arose Damascus steel, also known as damascened steel.

The swordsmiths of Toledo have always worked closely with those of Damascus, so the masters in Toledo researched the composition of damascened steel, its beautiful iridescent marbled surfaces, and its quality of being strong without breaking or bending. Based on the results attained, they realised that it was precisely the marbling on the blades that made Damascus steel so high-quality. Along a similar line, we must remember that the waters of the Tagus River are also believed to have extraordinary properties that give the swords and knives of Toledo their special quality: the sands, where the key to this quality is said to lie.

This is how the best swords in the world are forged and tempered.

Today, the legendary Damascus steel surpasses the levels of extra hard high carbon steel with carbon contents of more than 1.4%, reaching up to 2.1% carbon content.

The technique used to create this high-quality steel is hot forging at low temperatures, in the range of 650ºC to 800ºC, after a very fine layer of the surface is decarburized. This forging crushes the primary iron carbides and then spreads them over the steel matrix, thus achieving excellent resistance to wear. At the same time, a highly attractive surface can be created if the steel is thermally treated, meaning it is subjected to high temperatures, followed by a slow cooling process.

By closely monitoring the heating and cooling processes, the highly beautiful swirling patterns of the marbling become visible.

What makes Damascus steel so characteristic and distinct from its competitors is its great durability, its resilience, its beauty, and the magic of its surface. The Damascus steel technique is currently used primarily in manufacturing high-end knives like the ones displayed on our website.

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